The Japanese attribute the '10 Virtues of Koh' - which describe the benefits to be gained by using incense - to a Zen Buddhist priest from the 16th Century, who noted the virtues as follows:
1. It brings communication with the transcendent
2. It purifies the mind and body
3. It removes uncleanliness4. It keeps one alert
5. It can be a companion in the midst of solitude
6. In the midst of busy affairs, it brings moments of peace
7. When it is plentiful, one never tires of it
8. When there is little, still one is satisfied
9. Age does not change its efficacy
10. Used everyday, it does no harm
Much time has passed and our lives are different from when this was written - but these virtues still hold true today.
The outcome of 'listening to incense' is summed up beautifully by Lady Murasaki, author of The Tale of Genji, written in the 11th Century in Japan and often referred to as the world's first novel:
" hito no on-kokochi ito en nari " " One's mind has become elegant "